Skin Cancer is Australia’s epidemic. Australia has some of the highest rates of skin cancer diagnosis in the world, and the statistics hint at over 75% Australians developing this disease in their lifespans. Such dire figures imply that we take the case of skin cancer seriously. To help you get acquainted with the topic, we have decided to compile a guide on all the speculated causes of skin cancer and its various types.
Let’s start with the basics. It’s an irregular growth of skin cells. This abnormal growth or mutation becomes all the more harmful when it starts spreading beyond the skin. Thus, infecting the other organs and then, deteriorating a person’s immunity and health becomes the fatal conclusion of a patient.
However, not all skin cancers spread to other organs. This phenomenon of invading other organs is called Metastasis. Melanoma, the rarest yet the most fatal skin cancer variant, is capable of metastasizing.
Melanoma starts in Melanocytes. These cells are responsible for pigmentation, In layman’s term, these cells give our skin our complexion. Yes, these are also the cells that produce Melanin! However, the catch is that melanocytes aren’t present on the surface, so this disease does not become apparent until it has already advanced to more severe levels. Upon stage 2, you could start noticing an irregular mole. Melanoma moles are irregular in shape and size, have ill-defined borders, are brown or black in colour and constantly seem to get darker, and they usually have a diameter larger than your regular moles.
Melanoma has a high fatality rate and if ignored in the nascent stages, it could spread to create lung cancer, breast cancer, bone cancer, etc. However, with various lines of treatments, doctors could help your case and stop the expansion of melanoma. To get in touch with specialists like Sundoctors, visit website!
However, as we already told you, this is also the rarest form of skin cancer. The more common variants are that of Non-melanoma skin cancer. Epidermal cells too could develop skin cancer, and when that happens, they are easier to spot and cure. Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma are two types of epidermal Non-melanoma cancers. They are low in fatality rates and often do not spread to other organs, provided they are treated on time. Their symptoms include lesions or bumps or irregular patches on the skin, which may bleed and ache.
Melanoma and Non-melanoma are the most common classifications of skin cancer. While different in nature and signs, the causes behind all skin cancers are the same. Although it’s hard to pinpoint exactly what causes it, scientists believe Ultraviolet radiations are the primary trigger. UV rays from the sun can make our cells mutate into unhealthy and cancerous entities.
Genetic defects and unhealthy lifestyle choices are also to blame. It was found that those who consume alcohol or fatty substances profoundly are more at risk of developing cancer. If you have a history of cancer patients in your bloodline, meaning your parents or their parents, then you too are at a higher risk of skin cancer.
The growing fuss around tanning booths is also a probable cause behind skin cancer, especially since more & more youngsters are turning towards a tan. Since cancer hasn’t yet been cured, prevention seems to be better. A healthy lifestyle and adequate prevention from direct UV exposure should keep the risk at bay.
Take good care of yourself & continue to spread awareness around the cause of defeating skin cancer. Let’s make Australia healthy!