Having a horse is an enjoyable and relaxing experience. If you wish to own a horse, then you need to follow some general guidelines to keep it healthy, happy and active. Some of these guidelines are as follows,
- Environment- First and foremost, you need to keep a horse in a healthy environment. Offering it with proper shelter such as a dense group of trees, run-in shed, and a stall will protect your horse against the severe weather conditions such as cold freezing rain or intense hot sunshine. Dry footing like straw, sawdust, rubber mats, dirt, and grass will offer a sound footing as well as a healthy environment to the horses’ hooves.
- Routine Handling and Human Interaction– Handling your horse on a regular basis is crucial for their mental and physical health alike. Besides human interaction will prepare your horse for bonding with other humans. This way you will not have to worry while taking him to a veterinarian for an emergency situation or a routine physical examination.
- Wellness Physical Exams- The different physical examinations that a veterinarian will perform on your horse will act as the cornerstone of a health care program. In fact, baseline information will also be vital while checking if there are any subtle changes. It is this data that will help to diagnose diseases which are intermittent or just beginning.
- Exercise- A horse will do enough of constant movement so allowing them to do daily exercise is essential. Adequate training will help in the development of the muscles and provide them with an energy outlet to be released.
- Nutrition- A horse’s digestive systems have been designed in a way to process vast amounts of fibrous foods continually. Grass or hay is essential to offer roughage to their digestive system. You can also give them grain to provide extra energy. You can also provide them with minerals in the likes of loose mineral, mineral blocks or mix the same with readymade grain concentrates. Also, give them with sufficient fresh water. If you wish to take your horses for a race consult an equine nutritionist or veterinarian for more recommendation. If you want to know more about horse racing, TVG will be the right source for you.
- Hoof Care- Trimming and shoeing on a regular basis through a professional farrier will ensure good hoof care. No two horses will have the same hoof growth; hence the trimming frequency will vary. You must generally do hoof trimming every 4-8 weeks. Regular hoof care comprises of picking the hooves out and checking any disease symptoms like thrush or cracks.
- Vaccination- The correctly administered vaccinations are the most economical, easiest and safest tools accessible to prevent infectious diseases. Any form of illness may jeopardize the performance and well-being of your horse. So, vaccinating them as and when required is indeed essential.
- Parasite Control and Dental Care- One common problem that horses face is parasites which if left untreated can take a toll on its health resulting in colic, sparse hair growth to weight loss and more. It is best to consult a veterinarian for parasite control. Besides, teeth are another unique concern for a horse. Conducting an oral examination is essential for an annual wellness examination.
Follow these tips sincerely and keep your horse in the peak of health.